Wireless Sensor Networr for Low-Complexity Entropy Determination of Human Gait
In this work we present a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) system designed for the on-board determination of human gait entropy. The usage of nonlinear entropy-based metrics has proven to be a useful tool for analyzing the complexity of biological systems. The final goal of entropy calculation in this type of biological system is to identify possible causes of future injuries (in order to improve aging) and the early injury detection (ideal for elite athletes). Existing systems for human gait analysis are limited to traditional data gathering, e.g. continuous measurement and wireless transmission to a Data Fusion Center (DFC), due to the computational burden of entropy calculation. In addition, actual systems are likely to interfere the natural movement due to their cumbersome nature. The WSN presented here uses four sensor nodes, located in both ankles and hip sides, and are equipped with triaxial accelerometers. We propose the use of low-complexity algorithms in order to perform on- board entropy determination prior to wireless transmission. The proposed system can be used to reliably determine long-term human gait entropy.