Self-Organized Distributed Compressive Projection in Large Scale Wireless Sensor Networks
The optimal configuration for a Large Scale Wireless Sensor Networks (LS-WSN) is the one that minimizes the sampling rate, the CPU time and the channel accesses (thus maximizing the network lifetime), with a controlled distortion in the recovered data. Initial deployments of LS-WSN are usually not able to adapt to changing environments and rarely take into account either the spatial or temporal nature of the sensed variables, both techniques that optimize the network operation. In this work we propose the use of Self-Organized Distributed Compressive Projection (SODCP) in order to let the nodes to form clusters in a distributed and data-driven way, exploiting the spatial correlation of the sensed data. We compare the performance of this innovative technique, using actual data from the LUCE LS-WSN, with two different baselines: Centralized Compressive Projection (CCP) and Distributed Compressive Projection (DCP). The former uses no clustering, whereas the latter makes use of an a priori clustering that favors proximity and balances the number of nodes in each cluster. We show that SODCP outperforms DCP (in terms of Signal-to-Noise vs. Compression Rate). We also show that the performance of SODCP converges to that of CCP for relatively high compression rates of 55%.