One-pot synthesized functionalized mesoporous silica as a reversed-phase sorbent for solid-phase extraction of endocrine disrupting compounds in milks
A new procedure for the determination of twelve naturally occurring hormones and some related synthetic chemicals in milk, commonly used as growth promoters in cattle, is reported. The method is based on liquid-liquid extraction followed by solid-phase extraction (SPE) using a new one-pot synthesized ordered mesoporous silica (of the SBA-15 type) functionalized with octadecyl groups (denoted as SBA-15-C18-CO) as reversed-phase sorbent. The analytes were eluted with methanol and then submitted to HPLC with diode array detection. Under optimal conditions, the method quantification limit for the analytes ranged from 0.023 ¿g/mL to 1.36 ¿g/mL. The sorbent affored the extraction of estrone, 17ß-estradiol, estriol, progesterone, hexestrol, diethylstilbestrol, 4- androstene-3,17-dione, ethinylestradiol, 17¿-methyltestosterone, nandrolone, prednisolone and testosterone with mean recoveries ranging from 72 to 105% (except for diethylstilbestrol) with RSD < 11%. These results were comparable and, in some cases, even better than those obtained with other extraction methods, therefore SBA-15- C18-CO mesoporous silica possess a high potential as a reversed-phase sorbent for SPE of the twelve mentioned endocrine disrupting compounds in milk samples.
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