Bimetallic Scorpionate-based Helical Organoaluminums for the Efficient Carbon Dioxide Fixation into a Variety of Cyclic Carbonates
A new family of bimetallic helical aluminum complexes can be obtained via warming up the preliminary dinuclear adduct complexes, or alternatively, by direct heating of the protioligands with 2 equiv of AlR3. X-ray diffraction analysis corroborated both high coordination versatility in the ligands and the existence of helical chirality in the complexes. DFT calculations confirmed the preferential arrangement of the ancillary scorpionates in the bimetallic complexes and rationalized a proposed reaction mechanism. Bimetallic complexes were investigated as catalysts in combination with halides for the cycloaddition reaction of CO2 with a wide range of epoxides for cyclic carbonate formation. These studies led to the development of a sustainable, inexpensive, efficient and selective bicomponent system with very broad substrate scope, including internal and challenging bio-based trisubstituted terpene derived substrates, reaching high conversions for translimonene oxide at mild conditions (79% conv., 70 ºC, 10 bar CO2, 1 mol%, 66 h).
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