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New Racemic and Single Enantiopure Hybrid Scorpionate/Cyclopentadienyl Magnesium and Zinc Initiators for the Stereoselective ROP of Lactides

dc.contributor.authorHonrado, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorOtero, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Baeza, Juan
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Barba, Luis F.
dc.contributor.authorGarcés, Andrés
dc.contributor.authorLara-Sánchez, Agustín
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Ferrer, Jaime
dc.contributor.authorSobrino, Sonia
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez, Ana M.
dc.identifier.citationOrganometallics 2015, 34, 13, 3196–3208es
dc.description.abstractThe preparation of the first racemic bis(pyrazol-1-yl)methane-based NNCp-donor hybrid scorpionate/cyclopentadienyl magnesium and zinc complexes [Mg(R)(κ2-η5-NNCp)] (1–6) [NNCp = bpztcp, R = Me (1), Et (2), CH2SiMe3 (3); bpzpcp, R = Me (4), Et (5), CH2SiMe3 (6)] and [Zn(R)(κ2-η1-NNCp)] (7–12) [NNCp = bpztcp, R = Me (7), Et (8), CH2SiMe3 (9); bpzpcp, R = Me (10), Et (11), CH2SiMe3 (12)] has been carried out by the reaction of the corresponding racemic NNCp-H-donor scorpionate pro-ligands with Grignard reagents RMgCl, after deprotonation with nBuLi, or directly with ZnR2. The resulting alkyl magnesium complexes (1–6) have been employed in a protonolysis reaction with 2,6-dimethylphenol to yield the aryloxide magnesium complexes [Mg(OAr)(κ2-η5-NNCp)] (13 and 14) [NNCp = bpztcp (13), bpzpcp (14)]. Subsequently, the enantiopure scorpionate pro-ligand (R,R)-bpmycpH (16a) {bpmycpH = 1-{2,2-bis(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-1-(2R)-2-[(1R)-6,6-[3.1.1]-2-hepten-2-yl]ethyl}cyclopentadiene} and (R,R)-bpmycp′H (16b) {bpmycp′H = 2-{2,2-bis(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-1-(2R)-2-[(1R)-6,6-[3.1.1]-2-hepten-2-yl]ethyl}cyclopentadiene} reacted with RMgCl (after addition of nBuLi) or with ZnR2 to give the single enantiopure complexes [Mg(R)(κ2-η5-R,S-bpmycp)] (17–19) (R = Me (17), Et (18), CH2SiMe3 (19)) {R,S-bpmycp = 2-{2,2-bis(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-1-(2S)-2-[(1R)-6,6-[3.1.1]-2-hepten-2-yl]ethyl}cyclopentadienyl} and [Zn(R)(κ2-η1-R,S-bpmycp)] (20–22) (R = Me (20), Et (21), CH2SiMe3 (22)). The structures of these complexes were elucidated by 1H and 13C{1H} NMR spectroscopy, and the X-ray crystal structures of 2, 3, 7 and 21 were also established. These racemic and single enantiopure complexes 1–3, 5–9, 11–14, 19, and 21 can act as single-component initiators for the ring-opening polymerization of rac-lactide under mild conditions. Microstructural analysis of poly(rac-lactide)s revealed that, whereas the myrtenal substituent on the single enantiomerically pure initiator 21 exerts an appreciable influence on the degree of stereoselectivity to produce isotactic-enriched poly(lactide)s with a Pi value up to 0.77, the racemic mixtures of initiators impart more discrete levels of heteroselectivity in the production of PLAs, with a Ps value of
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional*
dc.titleNew Racemic and Single Enantiopure Hybrid Scorpionate/Cyclopentadienyl Magnesium and Zinc Initiators for the Stereoselective ROP of Lactideses
dc.subject.unesco23 Químicaes

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 InternacionalExcept where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional