Techno-economic comparison of optimized natural gas combined cycle power plants with CO2 capture
Natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) power plants account for a large share of the global energy market. Although many alternative layouts of NGCC plants have already been addressed in the scientific literature, there are still relevant gaps of knowledge in comparative techno-economic performances of the previously proposed alternatives. This article presents a comprehensive comparative study of 19 alternative NGCC power plants with pre-combustion, post-combustion or oxy-fuel combustion CO2 capture processes involving different choices of CO2 absorbents and organic Rankine cycles for energy savings. The purpose of this study is to shed light on comparative techno-economic performances of power plants with different CO2 capture strategies and various organic Rankine cycle configurations. First, performance of each alternative was optimized from a technical (equivalent work) standpoint. Then, the economic performance of each optimized alternative was evaluated. Based on the results within the sample of NGCC plants, using activated methyldiethanolamine could lead to better technical and economic performances than monoethanolamine in pre- and post-combustion capture systems. Moreover, the efficacy of organic Rankine cycles for enhancing the technical and economic performance of NGCC plants with CO2 capture was shown, with a reduction of up to 1.39 years in the payback period for various process configurations.
This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 754382. The content of this publication does not reflect the official opinion of the European Union. Responsibility for the information and views expressed herein lies entirely with the authors.
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