Experimental data and modeling of viscosities and densities of pyrene + toluene + heptane mixtures at T = (293.15 to 343.15) K
Oil mixtures are a complex system that remains unclear. Its study is particularly challenging due to the many variables involved in their properties. These include, for instance, the compositions of the mixture and the nature of their compounds. To simplify the study of these systems, it is proposed to model them with simpler mixtures, as in the case of using hydrocarbon mixtures to describe the behavior of crude oil. Two mixtures have been prepared; the one hand, a binary mixture of pyrene in toluene, and on the other hand, a ternary mixture of pyrene in toluene/heptane has been prepared. Their densities and dynamic and kinematic viscosities have been measured from (293.15 to 343.15) K at atmospheric pressure. The compositions of binary and ternary systems are 1.0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10.0, 12.5, and 15.0 % weight fraction of pyrene. In the case of ternary systems, several toluene/heptane mass ratios have been studied, from 0.1 to 10. This article presents new experimental results of density and viscosity for the mixtures studied. Therefore, a theoretical study has been carried out to describe experimental data. Viscosity models, such as Ideal, Refutas, Ratcliff, UNIFAC-Visco, and Krieger, have been checked and, in some cases, have been modified to analyze the dependence of viscosity on temperature, composition, and possible association of pyrene. Standard deviations for each model and system have been calculated. Modified Ratcliff and Krieger models presented an excellent agreement with experiments.
We acknowledge financial support from the University Rey Juan Carlos (URJC) through the research program “AYUDA PUENTE 2019, URJC”.
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