Hydrogen production by isothermal thermochemical cycles using La0.8Ca0.2MeO3±δ (Me = Co, Ni, Fe and Cu) perovskites
Solar-driven thermochemical water splitting has the potential to transform concentrated solar energy into green hydrogen and other solar fuels. In this work, La0.8Ca0.2MeO3±d (Me ¼ Co, Ni, Fe and Cu) perovskites have been synthesised by a modified Pechini method and evaluated as materials for hydrogen production by two step thermochemical water splitting cycles. Performing the thermal reduction at temperatures of 1200 and 1000 C, while the oxidation is done at 800 C, allows a remarkable and stable hydrogen production after 5 consecutive cycles. However, the perovskites suffer changes in the structure after each redox cycle, with potential effects in the long-term cyclic operation. On the contrary, the isothermal thermochemical cycles at 800 C produce a stable amount of hydrogen with each consecutive cycle maintaining the perovskite structure. This hydrogen production ranges from 3.60 cm3 STP/gmaterial$cycle for the material with the lowest productivity (La0.8Ca0.2FeO3±d) to 5.02 cm3 STP/gmaterial$cycle for the one with the highest activity (La0.8Ca0.2NiO3±d). Particularly the Ni-based material shows the highest H2 productivity accompanied by very good material stability after 15 consecutive cycles, being possible to combine with current solar thermal facilities based on concentrated solar power technologies like plants with central receivers.
The authors wish to thank “Comunidad de Madrid” and European Structural Funds for their financial support to ACES2030-CM (S2018/EMT-4319) project and ONEHYDRO (M − 2733) URJC project.
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