High-throughput screening of T7 phage display and protein microarrays as a methodological approach for the identification of IgE-reactive components
Olive pollen and yellow mustard seeds are major allergenic sources with high clinical relevance. To aid with the identification of IgE-reactive components, the development of sensitive methodological approaches is required. Here, we have combined T7 phage display and protein microarrays for the identification of allergenic peptides and mimotopes from olive pollen and mustard seeds. The identification of these allergenic sequences involved the construction and biopanning of T7 phage display libraries of mustard seeds and olive pollen using sera from allergic patients to both biological sources together with the construction of phage microarrays printed with 1536 monoclonal phages from the third/four rounds of biopanning. The screening of the phage microarrays with individual sera from allergic patients enabled the identification of 10 and 9 IgE-reactive unique amino acid sequences from olive pollen and mustard seeds, respectively. Five immunoreactive amino acid sequences displayed on phages were selected for their expression as His6-GST tag fusion proteins and validation. After immunological characterization, we assessed the IgE-reactivity of the constructs. Our results show that protein microarrays printed with T7 phages displaying peptides from allergenic sources might be used to identify allergenic components -peptides, proteins or mimotopes- through their screening with specific IgE antibodies from allergic patients.
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