Testing potential trigger mechanisms for seismicity in Sarria‑Triacastela‑Becerrea (Lugo seismic sequences) NW Iberian Peninsula, Spain
The unprecedented and long-lasting seismicity of Triacastela (over 25 years) attracted the interest of the research community on this stable continental region (SCR), particularly after the anomalously high 5.1 and 4.9 Mw earthquakes compared to the regional standards. The high rainfall and tide rates of this region compared to the rest of the Iberian Peninsula, in addition to the recognized existence of thermal springs and crustal fluids, motivated us to test these sources of hydroseismicity as a potential trigger mechanism for the observed seismicity in Triacastela. Based on network upgrades, we have gathered the seismic catalog in two periods for análisis (before and after year 2002). Before 2002, neither a diffusion-type earthquake migration nor any significant statistical correlation between the seismicity rates and rainfall or tides is found. After 2002, some clusters migrate to the south, suggesting the presence of fluid migration during earthquake swarms, but no diffusion-type migration is observed on longer time scales. Furthermore, we find correlation coefficients close to zero, indicating that rainfall and tides can be excluded as driving mechanisms. However, the seismic upward migration, a high b-value (1.2), and a low aftershock-productivity parameter (α = 0.9) observed in this period support the hypothesis of upward fluid migration through fracture zones. The presence of Mantellic helium-3 along the seismogenic faults and the increase of geochemical precursors in the groundwater previously to 1995 and 1997 mainshocks further support deep fluids as a source for the observed induced fluid migration seismicity in Triacastela.
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