Etherification of benzyl alcohols with 1-hexanol over organosulfonic acid mesostructured materials
Etherification of benzyl alcohols with 1-hexanol was performed in liquid phase over propyl- and arene-SO3H modified mesostructured SBA-15 silica. H2O TPD measurements indicate a stronger interaction of arenesulfonic acid sites with water molecules than that occurring in propylsulfonic groups. Hence, the higher catalytic activity of propylsulfonic modified SBA-15 material is related to the more hydrophobic microenvironment of -SO3H sites which reduces the acid site deactivation associated with adsorption of water generated during the reaction. Moreover, propyl- and arene-sulfonic functionalized SBA-15 material show a clear improvement of the catalytic performances as compared to other commercial homogeneous and heterogeneous acid catalysts in this particular reaction.
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